The dynamics of scientific discovery: A semiotic approach to information, abduction, and styles of scientific thinking and doing

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

This thesis analyzes hypothesis-making reasoning, namely abduction, in the context of scientific discovery. My central question is: "what is the role of information in the generation of new explanatory hypotheses?”. To answer this question, firstly, inspired by Peircean philosophy and semiotics, I characterize information as a process. Secondly, I discuss the concept of abduction, in the light of the informational process, claiming that abduction is a dynamic goal-directed reasoning being crucial for scientific discovery. Thirdly, I introduce the notion of styles of scientific thinking and doing based on Crombie and Hacking’s works. I argue that styles are strategical resources that enable and constrain the formulation of new hypotheses through abductive reasoning. To clarify my approach, I analyze examples of scientific discovery drawn from the history of science. Finally, I conclude by presenting the main achievements of the present study in the context of history and philosophy of science.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
ForlagDepartment of Science Education, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen
StatusUdgivet - 2018

ID: 218358450